Acai Fruit Extract
acai fruit extract is a potent provider of anti-oxidants, vitimins and minerals that help to protect the skin from UV damage and free radicals, keeping the cells healthy and skin structure strong. Rich in omega 3, 6 and 9 fatty acids, it revives dull or dry skin, leaving it looking healthy and glowing.
algae extract is known as ‘the ocean’s most potent secret’. It is rich in essential amino acids, proteins and skin-replenishing vitamins A, B, C, and E.Antioxidant-rich, it aids the skin’s immune defences and prevents the formation of an enzyme that inhibits collagen production.Also containing trace elements and minerals, it provides a smoothing and moisturising effect.
Antioxidant-rich, it aids the skin’s immune defences and prevents the formation of an enzyme that inhibits collagen production.
Also containing trace elements and minerals, it provides a smoothing and moisturising effect.
aloe vera leaf juice
aloe vera leaf juice is known as the ‘plant of immortality’ and has been used since for medicinal purposes since the ancient Egyptians.It contains two hormones, auxin and gibberellins, that help to reduce skin inflammation.Abundant in active enzymes, minerals and vitamins A, B, C and E, it allows nutrients to reach the skin cells, to hydrate,soothe, nourish and relieve of toxins. Aloe vera is also rich in antioxidants, to deflect free radicals and prevent skin damage.
apricot kernel oil
apricot kernel oil is particularly helpful for dehydrated, delicate and sensitive skin, and it helps to sooth inflammation.This finely textured oil spreads easily and is particularly rich in both oleic acid and linoleic acid.
argan kernel extract
argan kernel extract is derived from the tree species found in southwest Morocco. Rich in essential fatty acids and vitamin E (twice as much as olive oil),it preserves the skin from premature ageing, protects it from collagen breakdown and strengthens thecutaneous structure for smooth and firm skin.
argan oil contains a high proportion of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid and Oleic acid) together with Vitamin E,phytosterols and squalene. It has a marked antioxidative effect and is traditionally used for skin function disorders, inflammation, etc.It prevents the skin from drying out and is recommended for skin allergies and damaged skin.
arnica flower extract
arnica flower extract is derived from a yellow daisy grown in Europe. Rich in flavonoids, carbonic acid and volatile oils, it has antiseptic,antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, to reduce cell inflammation, decrease puffiness and enhance circulation.Arnica flower extract also stimulates the granulation (new connective) tissue, to speed up the healing process.
avocado oil is rich in vitamins A, D and E, lecithin, proteins, beta-carotene and potassium. It is also high in sterols, which help soften,nourish and moisturise dry, dehydrated, sun or climate-damaged skin.Furthermore it regenerates the tissue and helps to relieve the dryness and itching of psoriasis and eczema.
beeswaxis known for its emollient, soothing and softening properties, and helps the skin to retain moisture.It contains vitamin A, essential for human cell development, and possesses antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiallergenic, antioxidant,skin softening and elasticity-enhancing properties. Beeswax increases essential skin moisture and relieves itching of sensitive skin.
benzyl alcohol is produced naturally by many plants and is commonly found in fruits and teas. It is also found in a variety of essential oilsincluding jasmine, hyacinth and ylang-ylang and has preservative properties.
bilberry extract has excellent antioxidant properties that help to prevent or reverse damage to cells caused by free radicals.Enriched with vitamins B, C and E, nutrients known to nourish the skin, it also contains resveratrol and quercetin,which possess anti-ageing properties.
blackcurrant extract is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants and vitamins A and C. It supports cell health, addresses inflammationand counters premature ageing. It also has strong antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and vasoprotective properties.
blueberry extract is high in antioxidants, to protect the skin against environmental aggressors, and contains a broad spectrum ofvitamins and minerals, to reverse damage caused by toxins.
borage oil is produced from the seeds of the borage, a juicy annual herb, by pressing and subsequent extraction and refining.It is rich in fatty acids, particularly gamma-linoleic acid (approx. 21%) and linoleic acid (approx. 39%), and alsocontains phytosterols and vitamin E. It is recommended for dry skin, itching, and skin disorders with inflammation due tothe high proportion of the fatty acids. This oil also has a positive effect on the barrier function of the epidermis,reduces trans-epidermal water loss of the skin and also helps to keep the skin elastic.In addition it is well suited for care of inflamed and flaky skin and improves the appearance of dry, scaly skin.
brown algae extract
brown algae extract is rich in essential amino acids, proteins and skin-replenishing vitamins A, B, C, and E.Antioxidant-rich, it aids the skin’s immune defences and prevents the formation of an enzyme that inhibits collagen production.Also containing trace elements and minerals, it provides a smoothing and moisturising effect.
burdock root extract
burdock root extract is known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant powers and is boosted with vitamins A, C and B containing riboflavin,to prevent free radical damage and offer an anti-ageing effect.
buttermilk is a wonderful creamy, silky, skin-softening addition to cosmetic and personal care products.It has excellent ingredients that feed and treat the skin including calcium, lactic acid and vitamin B. Buttermilk is naturally highin fat and known for its great skin softening properties.
calendula oil has been known for centuries for its soothing and healing effect on skin irritations and inflammations.Plant pharmacological studies have suggested that calendula extracts have anti-viral, anti-genotoxic and anti-inflammatory properties.Calendula in suspension or in tincture is used topically to treat acne, reduce inflammation, control bleeding and soothe irritated tissue.
camomile is found throughout Europe, except in the extreme north and throughout northern Asia.The flowers of this plant possess gentle, healing and anti-inflammatory properties.
camomile flower oil
camomile flower oilpossesses gentle anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties that help to soothe redness and irritation.It is also hypoallergenic and helps to reduce skin irritants by neutralising free radicals.
caprylic / capric tryglyceride
caprylic / capric tryglycerideis a skin conditioner derived from coconut oil and glycerol (plant sugars). Due to its combination of fatty acids,it works to replenish the skin’s surface and resist moisture loss, and is suitable for sensitive skin.
carrot extract is rich in vitamins A and E and beta-carotene. Its soothing and moisturising properties helpto keep the skin supple and prevent damage from free radicals.
castor seed oil
castor seed oil is perfect for soothing delicate skin with its rich emollient and anti-inflammatory properties.
cetearyl alcohol is a vegetable-based emulsifying agent and emollient derived from palm kernel oil. Cetearyl alcohol is used in cosmeticsas a stabiliser to thicken an emulsion and keep it from separating, and also as a foaming agent.Cetearyl alcohol has emollient properties, leaving the skin soft and smooth.
cetearyl glucoside is avegetable emulsifier, derived from coconut and glucose. It is readily biodegradable and is non-irritant, hypoallergenic and non-comedogenic.It helps reinforce the skin’s lipid barrier, preventing water loss and reducing damage from environmental factors.It also aids the delivery of active ingredients into the skin. Cetearyl glucoside provides products with a soft feel and smooth consistency.
citric acid is an organic agent that naturally occurs in citric fruits and is a rich source of vitamin C, known for its anti-ageing properties.It is a type of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) with gentle buffering properties, to slough off dead skin cells and enhance new cell turnover.It is recognised for its astringent and skin brightening properties, and is considered an anti-oxidant that can help theregeneration of skin tissue and slow down the ageing process.
cocamidopropyl betaineis derived from coconut oil. It is very mild and helps produce foam in such products as bubble bath, and can helpthicken products such as hair conditioner. It has emulsifying, moisturising and mild antiseptic qualities.
cocoa butter with its A, B1, B2, B3, C and E vitamins is an excellent skin moisturiser, often used for treatment of skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis.Cocoa butter also creates a barrier between sensitive skin and the environment, and helps retain much-needed moisture.Cocoa butter is also an antioxidant, which protects the skin from free radicals or toxins that damage tissues at the cellular level.
coco-caprylate is a fast-spreading emollient derived from coconut fatty oil. Quickly penetrating, it provides skin hydrating,conditioning and smoothing benefits.
This non-ionic detergent is among the mildest found from natural, renewable materials.Derived from the dried pulp of the coconut fruit and sugar, this gentle cleanser is biodegradable, non-toxic,residue-free and well-tolerated by even the most sensitive skins.
the most potent of the natural antioxidants due to its high levels of polyphenols and phenolic acids. It prevents fine lines,wrinkles and cellular damage to skin, while reducing the appearance of skin damage and other visible signs of ageing.It also helps to neutralise free radicals and has an anti-inflammatory effect on skin.
comfrey extractcomes from the broad-leafed garden plant and has a history of use in herbal medicine. Comfrey extract contains allantoin and is known forits skin-healing powers and skin soothing properties. It helps to protect the lipid linings of skin cells, reduces inflammationand calms sensitive, itchy and dry skin.
cotton thistle extract
cotton thistle extract comes from a wild plant grown in France and is well documented for its repairing efficacy on the skin’s barrier function,to strengthen dry and damaged skin. Cotton thistle extract also promotes cell regeneration within the epidermis, helping to improve skin hydration,keep moisture levels steady and slow down the skin’s ageing process.
cucumber fruit extract
cucumber fruit extract is a natural skin emollient and softener with cooling and astringent benefits. It can penetrate the skin easily, softening and nourishing it.Cucumber extract is popular due to its antioxidant and natural moisturising properties.Vitamin C shields the skin from pollution; the proteins and other lipids act as natural skin emollients, making the skin smooth, silky and shiny.Natural astringents rejuvenate and revitalise the skin. Cucumber extract is capable of removing dead skin cells and provides relief for skin irritation.
cupuacu seed butterl
cupuacu seed butter comes from a tree that grows in the Amazon rainforest in South America and has played an important role in the history of Amazonian culturesfor its medicinal and topical uses. It is prized for its rich content of phytosterols that benefit dry or damaged skin,polyphenols that deflect free radicals in the tissues, and fatty acids that protect and moisturise. Also having anti-inflammatory properties,it restructures tissue activity and improves the skin’s moisture barrier for enhanced elasticity.
cucumber seed oil
cucumber seed oil is extracted from cucumber seeds through cold-pressed extraction. It contains a variety of skin-enhancing nutrients,which include phytosterols, tocopherols, oleic and linoleic acids, vitamins B1 and C, sodium, fluorine, potassium, and magnesium.Phytosterols help the skin strengthen its lipid barrier, restoring proper moisture balance, smoothing the skin’s surface and improving skin elasticity.Phytosterols are also known for their ability to nourish and stimulate the skin cells to encourage regeneration of healthy skin cells.Vitamin C is a powerful anti-oxidant, which protects skin from free radicals and alleviates potential skin damage.Oleic and linoleic acids, sometimes referred to as omega-6, have anti-inflammatory moisture retaining properties,which can be particularly effective for treating psoriasis and eczema.
dehydroacetic acid is an odourless white powder used as a safe and effective preservative. It stops the reproduction andgrowth of bacteria and fungi that shorten the life of a product and would make it unsafe to use.
dicaprylyl carbonate is a fast-spreading emollient derived from a vegetable source. It provides a protective film, enhancing the skin’s lipid layer, and works to condition and moisturise the skin, leaving it feeling soft and smooth.
evening primrose oil
evening primrose oil is light, high-quality oil, which is extracted from the plant’s seeds.Evening primrose oil has a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids:linoleic acid (65 to 80%), linoleic acid (8 to 14%). It is easily absorbed into the skin, greatly assisting the barrier function.The high content of polyunsaturated, essential fatty acids supports the regeneration of the lipid layer and improves skin elasticity.Its high content of omega-6 essential fatty acids makes evening primrose oil ideal for the treatment of dry flaky skinand to help soothe inflammatory conditions.
ginger root oil
ginger root oil is credited for its anti-inflammatory properties and helps to reduce prostaglandins (the compounds associated with pain), to soothe achesand discomfort. Rich in antioxidant properties, to prevent free radical damage, it protects skin ageing, evens the skin tone and improves elasticity.
glycerinis a natural substance found in every fat. During the process of saponifying vegetable oil, soap and glycerin are produced -therefore glycerin is an ingredient of hard soap (in other product formulations vegetable glycerin is an added ingredient).When used in skincare it regulates the absorption and release of water in the skin, and is also softening and smoothing.
glyceryl caprylate is an emulsifer derived from vegetable oils, that prevents the liquid and oily parts of our products from separating.It also acts as an emollient that maintains skin moisture, leaving it feeling soft and smooth.
glyceryl oleate citrate
glyceryl oleate citrateis a fatty acid derived from vegetable oils. We use it as an emulsifier, to prevent the liquid and oily parts of our products from separating,and as a surfactant (short term for surface active ingredient) that offers a mild cleansing action.
glyceryl stearateis derived from palm kernel, vegetable or soy oil and is also found naturally in the human body.It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface, which gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance.It easily penetrates the skin and slows the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin’s surface.It also helps to protect skin from free-radical damage.
grapefruit peel oil
grapefruit peel oil is high in anti-oxidants, particularly vitamin C, and has natural astringent properties that remove excess oils within the poresand on the surface of the skin. It works to detoxify and condition the skin, to leave it feeling toned and firm.With its antiseptic properties, it also clears congested skin.
grape juice offers powerful anti-oxidant protection against environmental factors. Rich in naturally occurring chemical compounds,it has an anti-ageing effect – soothing, refreshing and moisturising the skin – whilst promoting detoxification,cellular turnover and skin rejuvenation. It also contains omega acids that nourish and firm the skin.
grape seed oil
grape seed oil is extracted from the seeds of grapes, very light, quickly absorbed.It is highly moisturizing and acts as an antioxidant against cellular and tissue damage caused by free radicals.It helps to stimulate skin tissues regeneration and can also quicken the healing process of wounds on human skin.Other good benefits of grape seed oil for skin include the abilities to maintain the existence of collagen and elastin.
green tea extract
green tea extract is renowned for its powerful antioxidant properties that neutralise free radicals, protect the skin at the cellular leveland shield from the effects of ageing. Green tea extract also contains methylxanthines, a bioactive compound that promotes circulationat the capillary level, helping nutrients reach the cells more easily to boost skin health and appearance. With anti-inflammatory benefits,it not only reduces inflammation, but also inhibits collagonese – an enzyme that breaks down collagen– therefore supporting and promoting skin suppleness and softness.
hibiscus flower extract
hibiscus flower extract increases the skin’s elasticity as it inhibits elastin breakdown. It lifts, purifies and firms the skin and its anti-inflammatoryand antioxidant properties soothe and protect the skin from external aggressors.
holy basil leaf extract
holy basil leaf extract contains anti-oxidants that protect the skin from environmental aggressors, helping to reduce wrinkles and fine lines.Loaded with anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, it has a clearing effect on the skin and works as a natural skin decongestant.It also delivers a calming feel to the skin, giving relief to temporary itching, whilst soothing discomfort.
horse chestnut extract
horse chestnut extract has been found to have soothing, anti-oxidant and anti-irritant properties. Due to its high content of saponins (phyto-chemicals),it is shown to inhibit the breakdown of hyaluronic acid, delivering anti-ageing benefits.It also has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect and is suitable for fragile skin.
illipe seed butter
illipe seed butter is regarded by some as the richest of all butters and is renowned for its highly moisturising properties. It contains a high concentration ofessential fatty acids (EFAs) to help skin retain flexibility and elasticity, promoting healthy skin from the inside out.
irish moss extract
irish moss extract is derived from a seaweed from the Atlantic coast. It is rich in minerals, proteins, vitamins and minerals to maintain moisture balance,soften and soothe. Re-mineralising and toning, it hydrates the cells and plumps the skin.
jojoba seed oil
jojoba seed oil is referred to as an oil, but is really a wax that is produced from the seed of the jojoba plant. Easily absorbed into the skin,it delivers a long lasting hydration and moisturisation effect, and is suitable for sensitive skin due to its gentle nature.Rich in minerals and vitamins E and B, it nourishes the skin and protects it from environmental factors.
kokum seed butter
kokum seed butter is a rich emollient butter that is prized for its essential fatty acid content, antioxidants and vitamin E. It soothes inflamed areas,nurtures damaged skin, moisturises and delivers a supple skin feel.
lactic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) that has non-friction buffering properties to slough off dull or rough skin,while promoting cellular renewal to leave the skin feeling smoother and plumper. It acts as humectant,preventing the skin’s water loss and protecting the skin’s outer layer from becoming dry.It also prevents skin congestion and improves the skin’s evenness, and is particularly suitable for senstive skin.
lauryl glucoside is a dispersant or surfactant derived from coconut and fruit sugars. It is a non-ionicsurfactant that is used as a foaming agent, conditioner or emulsifier.
lauryl lactate is a naturally occurring acid known as an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) functioning as an emollient and skin-conditioning agent.
lemon balm is a member of the mint family, but with a gentle lemony fragrance. It is rich in rosmarinic acid antioxidants,which are 10 times stronger than vitamins E and C, to protect the skin’s surface and prevent cell damage from environmental stressors.Lemon balm also offers anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial benefits, to alleviate redness, itching and irritation of sensitive skin.
lemon fruit extract
lemon fruit extract is a natural source of antioxidant vitamin C and has astringent, antibacterial and toning properties, to promote healthy, conditioned skin. licorice extract has been used for its health benefits since ancient China. One of its components, known as glabridin,contains five flavonoids to address dark spots and hyper-pigmentation by disrupting melanin production.Licorice extract also offers antioxidant properties and anti-inflammatory properties, which help to regulate the skin’s oil productionand act against acne-causing bacteria.
limonene is a natural component that is present in essential oils.
linalool is a natural component that is present in essential oils.
magnesium aluminum silicate
magnesium aluminum silicate is a naturally occurring mineral derived from refined and purified clay.We include it as a thickener in our products and to help other ingredients apply more smoothly.
maltodextrin is a plant-based sugar that is derived by hydrolysing a saccharide with starch from corn, potato, or rice.Multi-functional, it acts as a binding and film forming agent, a stabiliser and an absorbent.It also delivers skin conditioning benefits, improving its overall appearance.
mandarin orange oil
mandarin orange oil is extracted by cold compression of the fresh peels of these fruits. This essential oil relieves stress, cures skin disorders,and maintains moisture balance, while on adult skin can also diminish scars, stretch marks, and fat cracks on skin.Its cheering, uplifting and relaxing aroma is ideal for treating emotional conditions such as anxiety, nervous tension, stress,irritability, restlessness, tantrums and is very useful to help relax physically and mentally.
mango seed butter
mango seed butter has natural softening properties, and is full of nourishing antioxidants. It has a protective effect against UV radiation and theeffects of weather in general, and helps to combat dry skin, eczema and dermatitis.Containing anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties, it is non-greasy and easily absorbed into the skin.
manilkara leaf extract
manilkara leaf extract contains flavonoids and tannins. It helps to protect against the effects of elastase (an enzyme that breaks down proteins), enhancesthe synthesis of elastin and improves the skin’s firmness and elasticity. Also containing antioxidants, it deflects skin damage caused by free radicals.
The fragrant meadowsweet is one of the best-known wild flowers. This pure extract is a natural source of BHA (beta hydroxy acid),which has a reputation for clearing skin and resolving rashes. Meadowsweet extract is rich in flavonoids and vitamin C,salicylic acid and citric acid. It can have anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a skin-conditioning agent.
melissa officinalis leaf extract
melissa officinal is leaf extractcontains two compounds – caffeic acid and ferulic acid – that provide protection against UV raditiation-induced skin damage.High in flavonoids, which have an anti-oxidant effect, it also offers anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory benefits,and has a soothing, calming and healing effect on the skin.
menthol is an organic compound with a characteristally minty aroma and is derived from herb plants such as peppermint or eucalyptus.When applied topically, has pain-relieving benefits, produces a fresh and cooling sensation on the skin,and has an invigorating and uplifting effect.
menthyl lactate is a plant derived, high-performance yet mild masking agent that provides a long-lasting cooling and refreshing effect on the skin.
mulberry extract naturally brightens the skin and improves uneven skin tone as it inhibits tryosinase – an enzyme that triggers the production of brown pigment.Rich in vitamins A, C, E and K, it improves elasticity and enhances collagen production. Mulberry extract also improves the appearanceof fine lines and wrinkles by helping to restore fibrillin (a glycoprotein which is essential for the formation of elastic fibres found in connective tissue).
myristyl myristate is a natural, vegetable derived ester that we use as a thickening agent, emulsifier and opacifier, to keep our ingredients blended.
It also has skin conditioning benefits, giving the skin a improved, smooth appearance.
oat kernel extract
oat kernel extract contains an abundance of beneficial, natural compounds including polyphenols, beta-glucan and amino acids.One of the specific beneficial polyphenol compounds in oat is called avenanthramide, which is very helpful for soothing and moisturising the skin.The oat kernel extract is composed of saponins (avenacosides A and B, avenacin) and polyphenols and is obtainedby grinding the kernels in to a fine meal. Those elements provide skin relief thanks to their ability to soothe and heal burns,moisturise and prevent premature ageing. They work as a natural anti-oxidant, an anti-irritant and an anti-inflammatory.
octyldodecanol is derived from natural vegetable fats, providing moisturising benefits that leave the skin feeling soft, smooth and conditioned.
orange fruit extract
orange fruit extract is extracted from the sweet orange fruits and is a natural astringent, rich in vitamin C.With powerful antibacterial and toning properties, it promotes healthy, glowing skin.
orange (sweet) oil
orange (sweet) oil comes from the peel of the sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis). It contains a key soothing ingredient linalool that helps relieves tension,stress and creates a peaceful calm atmosphere. It has many healing properties such as soothing, dry, irritated and cracked skin.
orchid flower extract
orchid flower extract has been used in Asia for centuries, mostly for its reparative and protective properties. Rich in flavonoids and minerals such as calcium, copper,iron, magnesium and zinc, orchid extract nourishes the skin, helps to regulate pigmentation, increase cell regeneration and retrieve natural colouring.
papaya seed oil
papaya seed oilis rich in the omega-9 essential fatty acid. Cold pressed papaya seed oil has high quantities of oleic acid, up to 74%, and is anti-inflammatory,analgesic, and helps to treat fungal infections.
Cold pressed papaya seed oil has an occlusive quality, meaning it has a nourishing,moisturising and water-retaining effect by stopping transepidermal water loss, as it is a soft and smooth oil (emollient).Regular use makes the skin soft and supple. It is also a good oil for treating rashes and minor skin problems.Historically, Indian healers have made pastes from crushed papaya seeds to treat rashes and other skin problems.
parfum (fragrance) are 100% natural and formulated with raw materials originating from natural sources or processes.The component sources are essential and vegetable oils and they are obtained through hydro-distillation,pressing, expression or biotechnological processes such as fermentation or fractionation to isolate the components.
passionflower oil is rich in linoleic acid and other essential fatty acids that condition and nourish the skin. It is a light, easily absorbed and super soft (emollient) oilthat is ideal for all skin types, even dry or cracked skin. With anti-inflammatory properties, it works to relieve muscular aches and pains.Passionflower oil also has a calming, sedative effect that helps to promote relaxation.
peach kernel oil
peach kernel oil is a light, yellow oil that comes from the seed of the peach kernel and contains high quantities of essential linoleic andoleic fatty acids, giving it a special affinity with the skin. Peach kernel oil protects the skin by supporting its barrier function, preventing moisture loss.
peppermint oil with its energising aroma, is credited with the ability to soothe the skin and refresh the senses. It has a calming effect on skin inflammationand helps to promote blood flow, to enliven the skin. Containing menthol, it cools the skin and is a natural muscle relaxant.
pomegranate extract contains high levels ofvitamin C and potent antioxidant properties, to protect the skin from free radical damage. Rich in ellagic acid,which inhibits skin pigmentation, it protects against UV damage. Pomegranate extract also helps to extend the life of fibroblasts –he cells responsible for producing collagen and elastin – supporting and strengthening the skin and encouraging skin regeneration.
poppy seed extract
poppy seed extract is an oil-based extract that has been proven to inhibit the build-up and activate the breakdown of fat, to improve skin firmness and evenness.
potassium sorbate is a potassium salt of sorbic acid and is a naturally occurring anti-microbial compound. A safe alternative to parabens,we use it as a mild preservative in our products to ensure a desirable shelf-life and product longevity.
rice bran oil
rice bran oil is a well-known beauty secret in East Asia, Japan and Korea. Squalene, found in rice bran oil, is an organic compound naturally produced byhuman skin. It acts as a moisturising lubricant, which gives the skin a soft, smooth, velvety appearance.Gamma oryzanol and vitamin E in rice bran oil also reduce tissue oxidation, which slows down the ageing of skin,resulting in a beautiful healthy skin texture. Rice bran oil is also used as a sunscreen agent.
rhus succedanea fruit cera
rhus succedanea fruit cera also called Japan wax, is obtained from the berries of the sumac Rhus succedanea, which grows in Japan and China.
rooibos extract contains the flavonoid aspalathin and has an anti-inflammatory, protective, healing and soothing effect.Its antioxidant properties help to deflect free radicals and repair damage caused by external pollutants.
rosehip oil is extracted from the seeds of a rose bush that grows wild in the southern Andes. It is unique among vegetable oils in containing retinol (vitamin A),and is also high in vitamin C. Rosehip seed oil is high in the essential fatty acids – linoleic acid or omega-6, and linoleic acid or omega-3.Rosehip seed oil protects the skin from inflammation, helps it to regenerate, prevents advancement of wrinkles and premature ageing,and helps the skin to preserve and regain its natural colour and tone.Furthermore it contains powerful antioxidants, which shield the skin from damaging free radicals.
safflower oil helps maintain the skin’s outer protective layer by coating the skin and also enhancing its natural moisture barrier.This helps shield and limit the environmental damage to skin cells. The oil helps reduce inflammation and encourages the growth of new skin cells,thus ensuring a healthy and regenerated skin surface.Regular protection may reduce the risk of visible signs of skin damage, like the creation of wrinkles.
salicylic acid is extracted from the powdered bark of the willow tree and is used safely in our products at a tiny concentration (0.1%).It can be used once or twice a day during pregnancy and has gentle anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-ageing properties.Improving skin thickness, it also promotes healthy cell turnover and collagen production.
seaweed extract is packed with vitamins, minerals, enzymes and amino acids that are strong anti-oxidants, promoting tissue regeneration andskin elasticity. It also contains proteins and lipids that hydrate the skin, whilst its content of calcium, magnesium and fluorine promotes a radiant glow.Having anti-inflammatory properites due to its high quantities of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6 and B12, it soothes irritation too.
shea butter has a high content of fats, which act as a natural skin moisturiser; and is also extremely high in vitamins A, E and F.It enhances cell regeneration and capillary circulation. Shea butter has anti-inflammatory properties, helps stimulate collagen production,is well-known for its properties as a moisturiser and emollient, and is excellent at penetrating the skin.
silica is a naturally occurring trace mineral that works to repair connective tissue and slow down the skin’s degenerationby helping elastin and collagen remain vital and able to retain moisture. It has anti-inflammatory properties, helping to relieve discomfort.We also use it in our products for its absorbant and creamy effects.
sodium benzoate is a salt of benzoic acid that is naturally found in fruits such as apples, plums, cranberries and prunes.We use it in miniscule concentrations as a safe, broad-spectrum preservative.
sodium chloride is simply salt. Rich in minerals, it also has antiseptic properties that help to remove dead skin cellswithout stripping the skin of its natural oil and losing moisture content. It hydrates and softens, leaving the skin feeling comfortable,whilst its ability to fight free radicals offers anti-ageing benefits.
This mild and non-irritating ingredient is derived from coconut oil and used in cosmetics as a cleanser, foam booster and conditioner.This gentle surfactant encourages water to mix with oil and dirt enabling them to be easily rinsed away.This ingredient also improves the overall condition of hair by increasing body, adding shine and restoring softness and resilience.
sodium cocoyl glutamate
sodium cocoyl glutamate is a gentle biodegradable detergent derived from coconut oil and glutamate amino acid. It serves as an emulsifier and gentlycleanses hair and scalp without stripping them of their natural oils and waxes.
sodium phytate is found in almost all grains and fibers of plants in the form of insoluble calcium and magnesium salts (called phytin)which are considered as the storage of organic phosphorus in plants.The most outstanding feature of phytic acid is its powerful chelating function, which can be used to bind metal ions.
sodium stearoyl glutamate
sodium stearoyl glutamate is a mild amino acid-based emulsifier derived from natural and renewable resources. Created from coconut oil and glutamic acid, thisgentle ingredient has excellent emulsion stabilising and structuring properties. It is environmentally friendly and well-tolerated by sensitive skin types.
sorbic acid is a naturally occurring fatty acid derived from mountain ash berries. We use it as a preservative in our productsdue to its history of safety and wide-spectrum anti-microbial benefits.
sugar cane extract
sugar cane extract contains naturally present enzymes that gently dissolve and replenish dull surface cells, along with glycolic acid that removes oils and dirt from clogged pores.
sugar maple extract
sugar maple extract works as a natural alpha hydroxyl acid (AHA) that sloughs off dead skin and purges impurities.It works to improve the skin’s appearance and mimimise and repair cell damage caused by free radicals.
sunflower seed oil
sunflower seed oil is rich in vitamins E, nutrients and anti-oxidants, and is effective in resolving inflammation, general redness and skin irritations,whilst protecting the skin cells from harmful UV rays and environmental stressors. Also containing vitamins A, C and D,plus fatty acids that act an anti-oxidants, it helps to regenerate skin cells. It has emollient properties that helpthe skin retain moisture, keeping it hydrated for longer.
sweet almond oil
sweet almond oil is rich in vitamin E and also in essential proteins that nourish and rehydrate. Sweet almond oil possesses wonderful calming and moisturising properties.It protects and conditions the skin while working to reduce the signs of ageing.Sweet almond oil relieves soreness, itchiness and general skin irritation.The oil also has wonderful cleansing properties and helps with the removal of dirt and dead skin cells.
tocopherol (vitamin E)
tocopherol (vitamin E) protects the skin from environmental pollution, has a protecting action against UV, is an excellent moisturiser and containsa powerful anti-inflammatory action which again prevents premature ageing, as inflammatory conditions in the skin are a leading cause of this.It also has excellent wound-healing properties and acts as a natural product preservative.
vitamin C has a skin-rejuvenating effect by improving collagen synthesis in the skin, as well as limiting skin damage from free radicals.Additionally, vitamin C may also reduce sunburn caused by exposure to ultraviolet B radiation and prevent the consequences of long-term sun exposure.
vitamin E often known as tocopheryl, is one of the most effective fat (lipid) based antioxidants that protects the skin from environmental oxidative stressand UV radiation. It has excellent moisturising properties and helps to prevent transepidermal water loss by the skin,thus increasing natural moisture content. With its anti-inflammatory action, it helps to prevent premature skin ageing.
xanthan gum is a fermented by-product of the micro-organism, Xanthomonas campestris, which yields a fibrous gel similar to cellulose.It is very stable under a wide range of temperatures and pH levels. This gum agent serves as a stabiliser and emulsifier, as well as a foam enhancer and thickener.
zinc oxide is a powder made from the natural mineral zinc that forms a protective barrier and is also a mild astringent with antiseptic properties.Zinc is an important part of the enzymes needed for cell reproduction and wound healing.It stimulates skin tissue repair and limits the appearance of redness.Zinc oxide is a topical skin product that is used as a protective coating for certain skin irritations and abrasions.It promotes the healing of chapped skin and nappy rash. Zinc oxide works as a mild astringent and has some antiseptic properties.